What are Slavic languages?
The Slavic languages form a main branch of the Indo-European languages. Around 300 million native speakers worldwide speak one of the approximately 20 Slavic languages, including Russian, Polish and Ukrainian. In linguistics, languages are usually divided into the main groups of East Slavic, West Slavic and South Slavic.
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FAQ: More questions about Slavic languages
There are around 20 Slavic languages, including some subgroups and dialects. The East Slavic languages include Russian, Ukrainian, Belarusian, Russian and West Polish. West Slavic languages are Polish, Slovak and Czech. South Slavic languages include Bulgarian, Macedonian, Bosnian, Croatian, Molise Slavic, Montenegrin, Serbian, Slovenian and Resian.
Science assumes that the Slavic languages developed from the original Slavic, which in turn descended from the original Indo-European languages.
Bulgarian is often called the easiest Slavic language because there are no grammatical cases. The basic requirement, however, is learning the Cyrillic alphabet.
Russian is based on the Cyrillic alphabet and thus differs from Latin-based languages such as Polish, Czech or Slovak. Those who speak Russian will understand many words of other Slavic languages.
Old Church Slavonic or Old Slavonic is the name given to the oldest written Slavonic language used by Greek Orthodox Slavic peoples. The language was recorded in Cyrillic script.