Intercultural communication refers to the interaction between people from different cultural backgrounds. This applies to exchanges between individuals as well as between groups. The basic prerequisite for successful intercultural communication is mastery of a common language, but awareness of gestures, facial expressions, posture and other cultural characteristics is also necessary.
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FAQ: More questions on intercultural communication
Interculturality describes the encounter of different cultures. The word part “inter” indicates that it is an exchange between people.
Intercultural skills are a prerequisite for interpersonal interactions. Raising awareness of the cultural diversity of members of a society contributes first and foremost to treating other people with respect. We also learn to communicate our own values and views in an understandable way.
According to the definition by American ethnologist Edward Hall, intercultural communication means “the interpersonal response of people belonging to different cultures”. Hall is considered the founder of intercultural communication.
Effective intercultural communication is only possible if all participants treat each other respectfully and accept the cultural differences while also believing in their own values.
Intercultural communication problems happen where different cultures meet. Those who raise their awareness of cultural differences show a willingness to reflect on their own communication patterns and to engage with diversity.
In both private and professional environments, it is worthwhile to enhance one’s intercultural skills and become interculturally competent. Those who engage in the learning process, treat other people with tolerance and acceptance and perceive the foreign culture as such will quickly make progress.
Transculturality describes the blending of different cultures across national and linguistic boundaries. During the course of globalisation, this concept of culture is becoming increasingly important.